Dissolved Air Flotation (DAF) is a water treatment process that clarifies wastewaters (or other waters) by the removal of suspended matter such as oil or solids. The removal is achieved by dissolving air in the water or wastewater under pressure and then releasing the air at atmospheric pressure in a flotation tank basin. The released air forms tiny bubbles which adhere to the suspended matter causing the suspended matter to float to the surface of the water where it may then be removed by a skimming device.
Dissolved air flotation is very widely used in treating the industrial wastewater effluents from oil refineries, petrochemical and chemical plants, natural gas processing plants, paper mills, general water treatment and similar industrial facilities.
Drinking water supplies that are particularly vulnerable to unicellular algal blooms and supplies with low turbidity and high color often employ Dissolved Air Flotation.
Pulp and Paper
Meat and Poultry Processing
Laundries and Textiles
Activated Sludge Thickening
Oil and Grease Removal